The Australian Flag is set on a dark blue background with one large white seven-pointed star, four seven-pointed medium size stars and on small five-pointed star.
The upper left hand corner displays the UK flag. The blue represents justice, perseverance, loyalty, truth and vigilance. The red represents valor, strength, bravery and hardiness. The white represents honesty and peace.
The large star is the Commonwealth Star and has a six points for each of the original states and one point for the states and the territories. The flag changed from the Union Jack flag and in 1954, this flag as you see it today was adopted over the flag with the red ensign, which was said to be viewed as communism. The smaller five stars represent the Southern Cross. The names of the stars are Alpha Crucis, Beta Crucis, Gamma Crucis, Delta Crucis and Epsilon Crucis.
The National Flag is always at the top of the flagpole, flowed by the state flag, military flag and then any other flag. The flag cannot be flown on the same flagpole with another national flag. The flag is not to drag on the ground and must be flown with the stars in the right direction. The flag is burnt in private when it is no longer suitable to be flown. The only time that the flag is flown with the stars facing upside down is in a time of distress.
The flag you see today was chosen from many entries back 1901 after the country held a competition worldwide to find a design. The flag was changed a few times over the years, but in 1954, it was recognized as the flag of Australia. The flag is regularly called the Flags Act of 1953 and is flown in all states and the territories.