The national flag of Angola was adopted on November 11, 1975 when the country became independent from Portugal.
This flag is composed of two equal rectangles. The top is red and the bottom is black. There is an emblem in the middle. It is a yellow cogwheel with a machete laying across the wheel and a star above the top of the machete.
This flag is an adaptation of the ruling party’s flag. The Popular Movement for the Liberation of Angola used a similar flag and had a golden star. The star was inspired by the red star of the Soviet Union which sponsored the MPLA.
Many people think that the cog wheel and machete are symbolic of the “hammer and sickle found on the flag of former Soviet Union,” and is recognized as a symbol of communism. The flag is officially described in the Constitution of the Republic of Angola.
Angola was one of the last African nations to become independent of their colonizers. In 2003 a new flag was suggested but hasn’t been ratified or adopted. Many people don’t like this flag since it looks so much like the flags of North Korea and Costa Rica and doesn’t uniquely represent Angola. They believe that their flag should not look like any other so that the Angola flag will stand out from others on display.
There is a lot of controversy surrounding the Angolan flag. Some think the flag has become too deeply connected to the MPLA. Also there are complaints that this flag is too closely tied to the country’s violent repressive history instead of representing hope for the future of the nation.