These colors and symbols all have meaning which we have discussed elsewhere.
The colors and size of this flag were officially adopted on 5 February 1991. The flag is called the civil, state and war flag when flown on land and at se it is the civil state, naval ensign and naval jack.
The specific shades of colors used on the Azerbaijan flag are stated by law in 2004 – for instance the blue must always be PMS 313C, red PMS 185C and green must use PMS 3405C. This is so that every flag will look the same.
In 1956 during the Soviet era one Jahid Hilaloghi flew the flag over the "Maiden Tower" to express his disdain for the Soviet system and was put in prison for four years and his cohort was institutionalized.
Six years later on 28 May 1952 when Republic Day was being celebrated in Germany. A man named Rasulzade raised the flag of Azerbaijan and called out "Who can be entrusted to take it (the flag) away to Azerbaijan?"
Gidmiza Bagirov did wind up taking the flag back to Azerbaijan in the 1970’s. In 2009 Azerbaijan’s flag was flown at both the North and South Poles.